That Blessed One is such since (1) Accomplished, (2) Perfectly Enlightened, (3) Endowed with knowledge and Conduct or Practice, (4) Well-gone or Well-spoken, (5) the Knower of worlds, (6) the Guide Unsurpassed of men to be tamed, (7) the Teacher of gods and men, (8) Enlightened, and (9) Blessed.
(1) The Accomplished One (Arahan)
According to Visuddhimagga-Atthakatha, Arahan (Accomplished) has five definitions. The Blessed One is accomplished for the following reasons: 1. because Buddha is far away from all internal conflicts (Arahan), 2-3. Because Buddha destroyed the defilement — enemies and all the wheel’s spokes (Ara-han), 4. because Buddha is worthy of requisites (Arahan), and 5. Because buddha is devoid of secret evil-doing (A-rahan). (The beginningless round of rebirths is called the wheel of the round of rebirths.)
(2) The Perfectly Enlightened One (Sammasambuddho)
The Lord Buddha is the Perfectly Enlightened One because the perfect one has known all things rightly by Himself. In fact, Buddha has of Himself known all the things, knowable things as knowable, comprehensible things as comprehensible, removable things as removable, realizable things as realizable, and things that may be developed as such.
(3) The Endowed One with Knowledge and Conduct ( Vijjacaranaasampanno)
The Lord Buddha is one who is endowed with three or eight kinds of knowledge and fifteen kinds of conduct.
“Vijja” means (higher) knowledge and “Carana”, good conduct (practice) that guides to a noble disciple and sends him towards the deathless.
* There are “Three Kinds of Knowledge”
- The knowledge that the Buddha recollects past lives,
- The knowledge capable of seeing the decease and rebirth of beings, and
- The knowledge capable of eradicating defilements.
* There are “Eight Kinds of Knowledge”
- The knowledge or ability of attaining insight (With this knowledge, He knows, “my body is material, made from four great elements, born of mother and father, fed on rice and gruel, impermanent, liable to be injured and abraded, broken and destroyed, and this is my consciousness which is bound to it and dependent on it.”),
- The knowledge of the production of a mind-made body, or the supernormal power of the mind-made body (With this knowledge, out of this body He produces another body, having a form, mind-made, complete in all its limbs and faculities.),
- the various supernormal powers (With the super-normal powers, being one, The blessed one becomes many, and being many, becomes one; appears and disappears; passes through fences, walls, and mountains unhindered as if through air; sinks into the ground and emerges from it as if it were water; walks on the water without breaking the surface as if on land; flies cross-legged through the air like a bird with wings; even touches and strokes with hand the sun and moon, mighty and powerful as they are, and travels in the body as far as the Brahma world.),
- The divine ear (With the divine ear, hears sounds both divine and human, whether far or near.),
- The knowledge of others’ minds [understanding the ways of others’ thought] (With this knowledge, Buddha knows and distinguishes with mind the minds of other beings.),
- The knowledge of previous existences [the remembrance of one’s former states of existence] (With this knowledge, remembers many previous existences: one birth, two births,. . . . a hundred thousand births etc.),
- The divine eye or the knowledge of the passing-away and arising of beings (With this divine eye, sees beings passing-away and arising, inferior and superior, well-favored and ill-favored, to happy and unhappy destinations as kamma directs them.), and
- The knowledge of eradicating defilements (With mind concentrated, purified and cleansed, unblemished, free from impurities, malleable, workable, established and having gained imperturbability, applies and directs mind to the knowledge of eradicating defilements or destruction of corruptions. With this knowledge, knows as it really is: “This is suffering, the origin of suffering, the cessation of suffering, and the path leading to the cessation of suffering.)
(Digha nikaya, Vol.1,Samathaphala Sutta)
* The Fifteen kinds of the Good Conducts are as follows:
- Restraint by virtue (moral restraint),
- Guarding the doors of the sense faculties (Watching over the sense-doors),
- Moderation in eating,
- Shame of wrong-doing,
- Fear of wrong-doing,
- Great learning,
- Wisdom, and
- – 15. Four Jhanas of the fine material sphere.
(4) The Well-gone One or The Well-spoken One ( Sugata)
The term “Sugata” has two definitions:
- One who has gone to the deathless, Nibbana and
- One who speaks rightly, (It means that the Lord Buddha speaks only fitting speech in the fitting place).
* The Six kinds of Speech
The Six Kinds of Speech are as follows:
- The first one which is untrue, incorrect, and unbeneficial, and unwelcome and disagreeable to others,
- The second, which is true and correct, but unbeneficial, and unwelcome and disagreeable to others,
- The third, which is true, correct, and beneficial, but unwelcome and disagreeable to others,
- The fourth, which is untrue, incorrect, and unbeneficial, but welcome and agreeable to others,
- The fifth, which is true and correct but unbeneficial, and welcome and agreeable to others, and
- The sixth, which is true and correct, and beneficial, and welcome and agreeable to others.
Of them, only the third and sixth are the two kinds of speech that the Lord Buddha speaks because those are true, correct, and beneficial.
(Majjhima nikaya, Vol. 2, Abhayaraja-kumara Sutta)
(5) The Knower of the Worlds ( Lokavidu)
The Buddha is the Knower of Worlds because the blessed one has known the world in all ways.
* There are Three Kinds of World:
- The world of formations (Sankaraloka),
- The world of beings (Sattaloka),
- The world of location (Okasaloka).
(6) The Incomparable Leader of men to be Tamed (Anuttaro purisadammasarathi)
The Buddha surpasses the whole world in the special qualities of virtue, concentration, understanding, deliverance, and knowledge and vision of deliverance, so buddha is the Incomparable Leader (Master) of men to be tamed.
(7) The Teacher of Celestial and Human Beings (Sattha devamanussanan)
It is usual for religious masters to seek advice or teaching from the deities or gods, but this would never happen in the case of the Buddha. The deities are also beings caught in the round of rebirths because they could not find the way out of it. The Buddha did not seek counsel from human beings either, and relied solely on own knowledge of the Dhamma. On the other hand, deities and human beings merely come to Him for counsel or advice and teaching, thus buddha is the teacher of them.
(8) The Enlightened One (Buddho)
The Lord has discovered the Four Noble Truths by Himself and awakened others to them, thus enlightened.
* The Four Noble Truths that He has discovered are:
(1) The truth of suffering,
(2) The truth of the cause of suffering,
(3) The truth of the cessation of suffering, and
(4) The truth of the way leading to the cessation of suffering.
(9) The Blessed One (Bhagava)
The Buddha is endowed with the six things:
(1) Lordship [Issariya],
(2) Doctrine [Dhamma],
(3) Fame [Yasa],
(4) Glory [Siri],
(5) Wish [Kama], and
(6) Endeavor [Payatta],
thus called the Blessed One.
1). The Buddha has the supreme lordship over own mind as follows:
- Anima – power to make the body minute (e.g. making the size of an atom),
- Laghima – power to make the body light (e.g. walking on air),
- Mahima – power to make the body huge,
- Patti – power to arrive where He wants to go,
- Pakamma – power to produce what He wants by resolving, etc.,
- Isita – power to make anyone or anything follow His wishes,
- Vasita – power to create at will water, fire, etc., and
- Yatthakamavasayita – power to attain the perfection in all ways, who wants to go through the air or do anything else of the sort.
2). The Buddha has the supramundane Dhamma.
3). The Buddha has the greatly pure fame, spread through the three worlds, attained through the quality of veracity.
4). The Buddha has the glory of all limbs, perfect in every appearance, which is capable of comforting the eyes of people eager to see buddha’s material body.
5). The Buddha has the wish i.e., accomplishment of whatever is wanted by Buddha whether it be for own benefit or for another’s (others’).
6). and the Buddha has the endeavor, the right effort, which is the reason why the whole world reveres the prefect one.
May all Beings be well and happy & attains the fruits of Nibbana.