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The fourfold advent of death may be compared to the four ways of extinguishing a lighted oil-lamp.

The flame of the oil-lamp may go out when:

1 the wick burns out,

2 the oil burns out,

3 both the wick and the oil burn out, or

4 the wind blows suddenly or the light is put out purposely even though the wick and the oil still remain.

In the same way, a person may die in one of the following ways:

1 Ayukkhaya-marana

Death due to the expiration of the age-limit,

2 Kammakkhaya-marana

Death due to the expiration of the reproductive kammic force,

3 Ubhayakkhaya-marana

Death due to the expiration of both the age-limit and kamma,

4 Upacchedaka-marana

Death due to the intervention of a destructive kamma. It is sudden death such as the one encountered in car accident or suicide or at a young age sometimes, etc.

May all beings be well and happy & attain the fruits of Nibbana.

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