During the last days before Parinibbana (80th year of the Lord Buddha, as mentioned in the Maha Parinibbana Sutta in Digha Nikaya ), when the Blessed One was staying at Kotigama and one day he spoke to the Venerable Ananda, saying: “Come, Ananda, let us go to Nadika.” “So be it, Lord.” ,Ven Ananda replied and on visit the Blessed One took up his abode in Nadika together with a large community of bhikkhus, staying in the Brick House.

Then the Venerable Ananda approached the Blessed One and, after greeting him respectfully, sat down at one side. And he said to the Blessed One: “Here in Nadika, Lord, there have passed away the bhikkhu Salha and the bhikkhuni Nanda. Likewise there have passed away the layman Sudatta and the lay woman Sujata; likewise the layman Kakudha, Kalinga, Nikata, Katissabha, Tuttha, Santuttha, Bhadda, and Subhadda. What is their destiny, Lord? What is their future state?”

“The bhikkhu Salha, Ananda, through the destruction of the taints in this very lifetime has attained to the taint-free deliverance of mind (Arahantship) and deliverance through wisdom, having directly known and realized it by himself. “The bhikkhuni Nanda, Ananda, through the destruction of the five lower fetters (that bind beings to the world of the senses), has arisen spontaneously (among the Suddhavasa deities) and will come to final cessation in that very place, not liable to return from that world (Anagami). “The layman Sudatta, Ananda, through the destruction of the three fetters (self-belief, doubt, and faith in the efficacy of rituals and observances), and the lessening of lust, hatred, and delusion, has become a once-returner (Sakudagami) and is bound to make an end of suffering after having returned but once more to this world. “The lay woman Sujata, Ananda, through the destruction of the three fetters has become a stream enterer(Sotapanna), and is safe from falling into the states of misery, assured, and bound for Enlightenment. “The layman Kakudha, Ananda, through the destruction of the five lower fetters (that bind beings to the world of the Senses), has arisen spontaneously (among the Suddhavasa deities), and will come to final cessation in that very place, not liable to return from that world. “So it is with Kalinga, Nikata, Katissabha, Tuttha, Santuttha, Bhadda, and Subhadda, and with more than fifty laymen in Nadika. More than ninety laymen who have passed away in Nadika, Ananda, through the destruction of the three fetters, and the lessening of lust, hatred, and delusion, have become once-returners and are bound to make an end of suffering after having returned but once more to this world. “More than five hundred laymen who have passed away in Nadika, Ananda, through the complete destruction of the three fetters have become stream-enterers, and are safe from falling into the states of misery, assured, and bound for Enlightenment.

“But truly, Ananda, it is nothing strange that human beings should die. But if each time it happens you should come to the Tathagata and ask about them in this manner, indeed it would be troublesome to him. Therefore, Ananda, I will give you the teaching called the Mirror of the Dhamma, possessing which the noble disciple, should he so desire, can declare of himself: ‘There is no more rebirth for me in hell, nor as an animal or ghost, nor in any realm of woe. A stream-enterer am I, safe from falling into the states of misery, assured am I and bound for Enlightenment.'”

“And what, Ananda, is that teaching called the Mirror of Dhamma, possessing which the noble disciple may thus declare of himself?

  1. “In this case, Ananda, the noble disciple possesses unwavering faith in the Buddha thus: ‘The Blessed One is an Arahant, the Fully Enlightened One, perfect in knowledge andconduct, the Happy One, the knower of the world, the paramount trainer of beings, the teacher of gods and men, the Enlightened One, the Blessed One.’
  1. “He possesses unwavering faith in the Dhamma thus: ‘Well propounded by the Blessed One is the Dhamma, evident, timeless, inviting investigation, leading to emancipation, to be comprehended by the wise, each for himself.’
  1. “He possesses unwavering faith in the Blessed One’s Order of Disciples thus: ‘Well faring is the Blessed One’s Order of Disciples, righteously, wisely, and dutifully: that is to say, the four pairs of men, the eight classes of persons. The Blessed One’s Order of Disciples is worthy of honor, of hospitality, of offerings, of veneration — the supreme field for meritorious deeds in the world.’
  1. “And he possesses virtues that are dear to the Noble Ones, complete and perfect, spotless and pure, which are liberating, praised by the wise, uninfluenced (by worldly concerns), and favorable to concentration of mind.

“This, Ananda, is the teaching called the Mirror of the Dhamma, whereby the noble disciple may thus know of himself: ‘There is no more rebirth for me in hell, nor as an animal or ghost, nor in any realm of woe. A stream-enterer am I, safe from falling into the states of misery, assured am I and bound for Enlightenment.'”

Note: The Mirror of Dhamma denote a way to self learn about whether an individual is a stream winner (Sotapanna) or not. In other words, those four Dhammas are the characteristics of Sotapanna Individual (Stream winner).

May all beings be well and happy & attain the fruits of Nibbaba.

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